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General Information of Andaman

General Information of Andaman

Since pre-historic times, these islands have been the home of aboriginal tribes. But the first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, the year after the First War of Indian Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen.


Location Bay of Bengal
Longitude 92o to 94o East
Latitude 6o to 14o North

Altitude (Highest Point)

Andman Islands (North)
Saddle Peak 732 mtr
Andman Islands (South)
Mt. Harriet 365 mtr


Total Area 8249
Andaman District 6408
Nicobar District 1841
RURAL AREA 8232.36


Distance by Sea (In kms.)
Between Port Blair & Chennai 1190 Kms.
Between Port Blair & Calcutta 1255 Kms.
Between Port Blair & Vishakapatnam 1200 Kms.
Distance by Air (In kms.)
Between Calcutta & Port Blair 1303 kms.
Between Chennai & Port Blair 1330 kms.